Arthritis is a condition that affects the great percentage of the world population of both sexes and all age groups. Many studies have been done about the treatment of both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Although the treatment course is different for these two types of the disease, the experts agree on one thing; minerals (especially calcium and magnesium) should be inevitable ingredients of any efficient arthritis medication.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis which is caused by wearing and damaging of joint cartilage. This type of arthritis usually affects the older population though it is becoming more common in younger people. Due to the lack of connective tissue, joint bones touch one another while moving, thereby causing joint deformations and pain. This type of arthritis can occur in almost any joint in the body; it is common in hand and feet joints and it is most common in “large joints” – hips and knees.

Cartilage not only wears off, it also loses its elasticity; this means that arthritis-affected joints are usually stiff. Cartilage damage also affects the ligaments which stretch to ease movement and that causes joint pain. Osteoarthritis usually affects one joint and does not spread to other joints if treated properly. However, if we don’t control this condition by doing exercise, taking medications and dietary supplements, other joints can suffer because they will be burdened by the affected joint’s inefficiency which can cause them to become affected by osteoarthritis too. All leading experts agree that calcium and magnesium are minerals which will ease the pain and keep the bones healthy which is extremely important in treating arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Unlike osteoarthritis which is caused by the mechanical damage of cartilage and consequently the joint, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease which does not have a clear cause. The immune system of the rheumatoid arthritis-affected person attacks their cartilage and sometimes also other tissues and organs. This arthritis type is equally represented in every age group. Since this is an autoimmune disease, the symptoms aren’t constant and they don’t always occur with the same intensity. It is advisable to massage the joints with specialized creams and gels in order to restore their mobility.

The most common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

Stiffness – usually occurs after long-term inactiveness and is normally not limited only to joints but the whole body is stiff.

Fatigue – energy deficiency is a very common sign that your immune system is not reacting properly. Patients often complain that they have difficulties completing everyday tasks which before they could do with ease. Driving or cleaning up can sometimes represent a real problem due to extreme fatigue.

Joint pain – when the joints are inflamed, they are usually very painful which significantly decreases the quality of life during that period.

Decreased motion range – difficulties during moving joints, especially wrists and hand joints are common symptoms in many arthritis patients.

Swelling – in some rheumatoid arthritis patients joints can swell so much that the deformation is obvious.

If you notice any of these symptoms or the combination of several of them, consult your physician.